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英语写作:英语四六级短文写作5大亮点设计

作者: 宿迁文学网 发布时间: 2021年08月31日 14:46:37

  【常用句式】

  ① Given the factors that I have just outlined, it is wise to support the statement that…

  ② From what has been discussed above/Judging from all evidence offered, we may safely/ undoubtedly draw/ come to/arrive at the conclusion that …

  ③ Taking into account all these factors/ In view of the above-mentioned facts,we should draw/ come to/arrive at the conclusion that…

  ④ All the available/ conclusive/ reliable/ striking evidence goes to show/ piles up to show that…

  ⑤ All the evidence/ analysis supports/ warrants an unmistakable/ fair conclusion that…

  ⑥ All the evidence/ analysis justifies/ confirms an unshakable/ sound view/ idea that…

  ⑦ All the available/ conclusive/ reliable/ striking evidence points to the fact/ lends support to the view that …

  ⑧ To sum up/ conclude,…/ The conclusion is self-evident.…

  ⑨ Weighing up these two arguments, I am for ….

  ⑩ Taking into account all these factors/ In view of the above-mentioned facts, I prefer …

  【例19】

  To conclude, smoking is nothing but evil as it is so harmful to people. All smokers should be taught of the great harm of smoking and be persuaded out of smoking. More importantly, we should protect our children from the harm of smoking through education.

  【分析】本段文字是吸烟有害健康的文章结尾,运用了总结法,段首句使用了句式⑧。

  2)后果法

  所谓后果法,就是对所讨论的问题或现象可能会产生的后果做出预测或分析。这种后果可能是积极的,也可能是消极的,需根据文章主题而定。这种结尾方式主要适用于问题解决型作文和现象解释型作文。

  【常用句式】

  ① Clearly/ Obviously/ No doubt, if we do not/ cannot…/ if we ignore/ are blind to…, there is every chance/ chances that…/ it is very likely that…

  ②Any person/ nation/ society who/ which ignores/ is blind to/ fails to learn… would pay a heavy price.

  ③ Fortunately, however, more and more people come to realize the importance of… and improvement si in near future.

  ④ If we work on… from now on, in foreseeable future, we will not be perplexed/ cursed/ overwhelmed by the same dilemma/ problem.

  ⑤ If we can solve the problem with no efforts spared, human being will not be caught/ stuck in the same conditions.

  ⑥ There is no effective/ easy solution/ approach to the issue/ problem of…, but… might be helpful/ beneficial./ but our commitment will be rewarded as long as we insist on assuming our responsibility on it.

  ⑦ Following these methods may not guarantee the success in…, but the pay-off will be worth the sweat we shed.

  ⑧ The effect that… will bring about are far-reaching.

  【例20】

  All these things come to one simple fact: people are always trying very hard to get a better life. Any nation which ignores the importance of developing its productivity and consequently improving the life of its people will have to pay a heavy price.

  【分析】本段文字是关于要重视提高人们生活水平的文章结尾,运用了后果法,段首句使用了句式②。

  3)呼吁法

  所谓呼吁法,就是在文章结尾敦促或呼吁读者作出努力,对某问题予以关注或采取行动。但是需要注意的是,不能空感口号,痛下决心,这样会使文章显得空洞,不伦不类。这种结尾方式主要适用于问题解决型作文。

  【常用句式】

  ① It is high time that we…/ It is ripe time for us to… in no half-hearted manner.

  ② It is essential/ necessary/ important/ imperative that effective/ quick/ proper measures/ actions/ steps/ remedies should be taken to…

  ③ If there is time to…, it is now.

  ④ To reverse the trend is not a light task, and it requires keen consciousness of…

  ⑤ There is no denying that considerable attention must be paid to the plight of…

  ⑥ We must call for an immediate action/ method, because the current tendency of …, if permitted to develop at will, it will result in the destruction of …

  ⑦ Only when… all go into action can we…

  【例21】

  It is high time that we took some measures to protect our environment. Government should make a law to punish those polluting our environment, and the public should realize the importance of environmental protection.

  【分析】本段文字是关于如何保护社会环境的文章结尾,运用了呼吁法,段首句使用了句式①。

  需要注意的是,结尾一定要与主题相匹配,切忌谈一些与主题无关的内容。另外,除了以上方法,结尾也可采用引用法和提出建议法。而且在实际写作时,可以不必局限于一种方法,要根据实际情况将几种方法有效结合。

  四、适当运用修辞手法

  1.比喻

  六级写作中常用的比喻手法是明喻和暗喻。明喻要使用诸如like, as之类的比喻词,另外as if, as though, as… as, similar to等也可以表示明喻。暗喻一般不用比喻词,只是用be动词表示比喻对象的相似性。

  【例22】

  Working in big companies is similar to the role played by a screw in a big machine.

  在大公司工作的人就像是大机器上的一颗螺丝钉。

  【分析】本句运用了明喻的修辞手法,形象生动地描述了在大公司工作的情形。

  2.平行结构

  平行结构指的是将结构相同或相似、意义并重、语气一致的语言成分并行排列的一种修辞手法。这种结构层次清晰、语意顺畅,能够起到加强语气、增强表达效果的作用。

  【例23】

  If you promise to help when ou should say “No”, you may in the end fail to keep your promise and lose your friend’s trust. On the other hand, even if you have succeeded in fulfilling your friend’s will, you may fell depressed because you must have put in too much energy or money. You may even become a criminal if you help to do something.

  【分析】本段文字将三个结构相似的句子并行排行,三个句子层层深入,表现出很强的逻辑性。

  3.修辞问句

  修辞问句以提问形式出现,却并不表示疑问,其目的是为了引起读者注意或表示强调。一般可分为设问和反问两种形式。

  设问一般自问自答,答案紧随在问题之后;反问一般只问不答,答案就蕴含在问句当中。

  【例24】

  1. Will so-called lucky numbers really bring people good luck? I don’t think so.

  2. So far as the present situation is concerned, is it a good or bad thing to open the university campus for tourists? Different people have their own opinions.

  【分析】以上两句话均运用了设问的修辞手法,答案紧随其后。

  【例25】

  1. Why not work together to put an end to such immoral behaviors?

  2. Isn’t it high time we eliminated fake commodities from the market?

  【分析】以上两句话均运用了反问的修辞手法,答案即在问句之中。

  4.重复

  重复主要起到强调、渲染和号召的作用,常见的重复方式主要有两种:同成份重复和同义重复。

  【例26】

  We, though different in colors, different in languages, and different in cultures, can bind together to fulfill any tough mission.

  【分析】本句运用了同成分重复的修辞手法,起到了突出强调的作用。

  5.夸张

  夸张是一种故意言过其实,或夸大或缩小事物的形象,突出事物的某种特征或品质,鲜明地表达思想情感的修辞方式。

  【例27】

  I have got a million reasons to object to your proposal.

  【分析】本句运用了夸张的修辞手法,起到了突出事物特性的作用。

  五、恰当使用警句格言

  如果能在文章中恰当地引用一两句警句格言或名人名言,不但能起到支持和突出主题的作用,还会大大增加文章的文采,达到意想不到地表达效果。

  【例28】

  As a Chinese old saying goes, traveling ten thousand miles and reading ten thousand books is the top ideal for people. Travel does broaden our mind. It enables us to appreciate beautiful scenery, value the culture and customs of a people and lean the history.

  【点评】本段话是一篇文章的开头段,通过“traveling ten thousand miles and reading ten thousand books is the top ideal for people(行万里路,读万卷书)”人人认同的格言引出“旅游开阔视野“的主题,令人信服,且颇显文采。